Factors & Strategies
The factors and strategies identified by the collaboration can be used by anyone looking to develop and deliver policies, strategies, and plans to improve vaccine uptake across different communities.
More detail on each of the factors that influence vaccine uptake and the strategies that can improve uptake can be found below.
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Factors identified by the collaboration that influence vaccine uptake.
Strategies identified by the collaboration that can improve vaccine uptake.
Is there trust in organisations and individuals who advise on vaccine uptake?
trust involves various layers — individual past experiences in seeking services, governmental policies — which all have implications for people. BME is not ‘one group’, it is not homogeneous. Cultural factors will all come in to play.
Is there culturally and linguistically appropriate information that covers issues of concern, including an honest discussion of benefits and harms?
In our experience, pre-existing health conditions are a big factor in vaccine hesitancy. These disproportionately affect people from ethnic minoritised communities. People want to discuss how the vaccine is likely to affect them and interfere with any medication, but instead of any referral process to a qualified professional, they are referred to a general switchboard number staffed by people who tell them they “have to” get the vaccine. They are being labelled as an ‘anti-vaxxer’, when they just want to understand any likely impact on their health.
How does the accessibility of vaccinations and appointments impact the uptake of COVID-19 vaccines in ethnic minority communities?
Much of the negative publicity was made of multigenerational households for ethnic minorities but the vaccine invitations came by age, meaning some older people could not access family help to get to vaccination sites and for poorer families it would have been costly to have multiple trips rather than a single trip for household.
It would have been better with a more flexible system, with invitations from GP or primary care and for whole household, uptake would probably be more.
How does the use of appropriate language affect COVID-19 vaccine uptake in ethnic minority communities?
How do perceived vaccine benefits and harms impact COVID-19 vaccine uptake in ethnic minority communities?
Using trusted messengers
to provide information.
Ethnic Health Forum were successful on the Community Champions Funding, which enabled us to employ a Covid Chat Volunteer coordinator and recruit volunteers. They were trained by the Manchester Public Health Team and the Manchester City Council to ensure awareness messages were correct and to build confidence among local residents to promote safe vaccination. One positive result was that many people who were hesitant in the beginning were now accepting the vaccine.
Tailoring the message culturally,
linguistically and through the range of issues
covered so that people get information that
directly addresses their concerns.
We organised an intergenerational event with performers together with vaccine, went well, the artists also mentioned COVID and being ill, and giving experience of what it was like and why vaccine important.
Providing flexible venues
and times for vaccination.
People naturally delivering messages on social media was resonating more than the corporate speak of public health messaging. Need to ask, how would you deliver this message if you were talking to friends on WhatsApp. For example, ISCRE discussed the different dialects used in the Roma community